City to establish over 50 new parks in 2017
In 2016, the city improved 61 streets, established 49 new parks, renovated 3,400 courtyards and resurfaced 13.8 million square metres of roads. This year, there are plans to improve 90 new public spaces, including over 80 streets, under the My Street programme.
Participants in a Moscow Government Presidium meeting reviewed the 2016 performance of the housing, utilities and amenities sector. This year’s goals include continued systematic efforts to create a people-friendly urban environment, overhaul multi-story residential buildings, maintain the city in good condition, and ensure sustained and reliable supplies of fuel and utility resources.
“We accomplished a lot last year, and we are set to implement the same ambitious plans in 2017. We’ll upgrade over 80 streets, over 30 existing parks and establish over 50 new park areas. There are plans to improve, overhaul and renovate over 3,000 courtyards through 2017. This programme will continue without interruption. We will also maintain and renovate courtyards that have been upgraded in previous years,” Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin said.
The creation of a people-friendly urban environment remains a high-priority for the housing, utilities and amenities sector, Deputy Moscow Mayor Pyotr Biryukov said. “It should be noted that Moscow has initiated many projects that are still to be implemented in other regions. It is hardly surprising that President Vladimir Putin has mentioned the creation of a people-friendly urban environment as a high-priority of the Russian Federation’s long-term development,” he added.
Improving public spaces
From 2012 through 2016, the housing, utilities and amenities sector upgraded 203 streets measuring 238.5 kilometres long. “Under the street improvement programme, we have upgraded utility mains using modern cable-channel installation technologies. We have built a 12-channel cable network with a total length of over 750 kilometres. This allowed us to remove the chaotic jumble of wires that made the city look messy,” Mr Biryukov said.
Last year, the My Street programme included 61 streets and planting about 3,000 trees and 55,000 shrubs. Lime-tree alleys that were cut down on Tverskaya Street in the 1990s once again thrive, and trees have also been planted along the Garden Ring.
The city is to improve 90 more public spaces this year under the My Street programme, including over 80 streets. They are streets in central Moscow, embankments, radial routes and MKAD interchanges for inbound traffic.
Areas within a 1.5-kilometre radius from the Moscow Central Circle (MCC) will continue to be improved through 2017.
Improving parks and leisure areas
The city has improved 437 parks and nature areas since 2011, including 49 neighbourhood parks laid out last year. This year 36 “green” areas will be improved, including the Khodynskoye Pole Park, an art park at the ZIL industrial zone, the Mikhalkovo Estate, and the Brateyevskaya flood-plain. The city will designate 50 new neighbourhood parks.
We are focusing on the improvement of “green” areas, Mr Biryukov noted. “It should be said for comparison’s sake that 130 ‘green’ areas were established in 2010, and that this number was 455 last year,” he added.
Over 2,000 city facilities, including buildings along pedestrian routes, major city routes and Moskva River embankments, as well as bridges, overpasses and churches, were equipped with architectural-artistic lighting by late 2016.
“We are working on the city’s lighting concept. The number of buildings with decorative lighting has increased over 4-fold since 2010 to nearly 2,000 buildings,” Mr Biryukov said. Moscow now ranks among the best-lit mega-cities along with New York, Paris, London and Tokyo.
In 2017, architectural lighting is to be installed on 280 city facilities, including buildings, bridges and MCC stations.
Winter recreation infrastructure
The city’s winter recreation infrastructure has over 3,600 facilities, including:
1,264 natural-ice and 187 generated-ice skating rinks, as well as ten skating rinks on local water bodies;
370 cross-country ski tracks;
577 ice slides and snow fortresses;
59 bathing facilities for Epiphany Day swimmers;
19 bathing facilities for winter swimmers;
1,325 multirole sporting grounds;
76 ski rental centres;
10 downhill ski courses;
Hills/recreation areas for tubing and sleds, dog sleds, snowmobiles and snowboarding.
Improving courtyards and renovating residential-building entrance halls
In 2016, the city renovated and overhauled 3,400 courtyards, with 3,000 courtyards scheduled for renovation this year.
Last year, 20,900 entrance halls were upgraded or renovated, and there are plans to renovate 22,100 entrance halls in 2017.
“It should be noted that, in 2010, only 17 percent of entrance halls met the needs of tenants. In 2016, all entrance halls have been improved, and we have now started renovating them once again,” Mr Biryukov said.
Renovating multi-story residential buildings
In 2015, the city launched a regional programme for overhauling multi-story residential buildings. In all, 1,932 buildings with a total area of 15.4 million square metres were upgraded last year, and 6,080 lifts were replaced.
“This year, we’ll replace a record-breaking number of lifts, over 5,000, and we’ll basically finish our programme for removing lifts over 25 years old from residential buildings. And, of course, it is necessary to continue managing our housing, roads and utility mains more effectively,” Mr Sobyanin added.
There are plans to replace 5,080 lifts, an all-time high in the past few years, through 2017.
The city is to overhaul buildings with a total area of 21 million square metres. “Mandatory overhauls deal with 14 main systems, several more than stipulated by federal standards,” Mr Biryukov noted. This year’s overhauls include the installation of new window panes in entrance halls. From 2017, roofs will be renovated during emergency façade overhauls. This will make it possible to boost the quality of work and cut back on extra spending.
Energy and utility infrastructure
The city has managed to reduce the wear and tear on its energy and utility infrastructure considerably. The average time for eliminating breakdowns has also been reduced. And, most importantly, accidents and malfunctions resulting in prolonged shutoffs have been eliminated.
Utility main wear rates have dropped by an average of 2.9 percent from 2011 through 2016, as follows:
Electricity networks: from 65.2 percent in 2011 to 57.8 percent in 2016;
Heat supply mains: from 46.5 to 45.2 percent;
Gas pipelines: from 36.5 to 35.7 percent;
Water distribution systems: from 50.2 to 48.3 percent.
In the past six years, the city has built new transformer substations with a rated capacity of 12,661 megavolt-amperes. They generate 2,231 megawatts of electricity and 1,713 giga-calories of heat energy per hour.
- urban design