Architectural Council rejected project near Kievskiy Railway Station
After being presented to the Archcouncil of Moscow, the project of a multifunctional apartment complex in the territory of the former automotive plant on Kievskaya Street was withdrawn for further changes due to inadequate pre-design analysis and incorrect assessment of the urban conditions.
The complex is to be built in the area behind the Novotel Adagio Ibis Hotel, opposite the recently erected Kitezh Office Center. The total area of the complex, in compliance with the site development plan, is 158 thousand square meters. It will also include the apartment hotel, retail stores and offices. 0.4 hectares of the project will be allocated for the construction of high-quality public space. The structure of the building is a complex-shaped stylobate with its two floors intended for sales outlets. Four petal-shaped apartment blocks standing on the stylobate are focused on the architectural accent - a new round square that is shifted towards Kievskaya Street. The project was designed by Architectural Design Studio “FLAT & Co”.
Also, the complex has an accomplished underground part - two levels are going to have parking and the other two will perform trading functions; in particular, a food-court area will be located under the square. The entrances to the shops in the stylobate are leveled down and hidden under the sheds.
Two basic variants of the volumetric and spatial composition have been presented. According to the first one, apartment blocks are petal-shaped or faceted with glazed end-walls and located on the stylobate with yards between them. The other variant implies that all functions are rolled into one mega-volume building “punctured” in the center and divided by terraces.
In addition to this, it was proposed to create a recreation area which connects the square of Kievskiy Station with Mozhayskiy Val: it is located along Kievskaya Street. Also, several landscaped “punctures” are shown in the project from the side of Mozhayskiy Val and Bryanskaya Street.
In fact, it turned out that it is impossible to organize pedestrian traffic through the project territory. “In real life these passages do not exist; it is the territory belonging to others. During the preliminary consideration we asked to examine the area and demonstrate the way it should look like in terms of pedestrian connections: where pedestrian space can be implemented, as it makes no sense to landscape the space surrounded by a fence. The authors tried to solve this problem rather formally", said the Chief Architect of Moscow and Chairman of the Archcouncil, Sergey Kuznetsov.
The connectivity in the quarter has become a key problem of the project, because genesis of the territory which has always belonged to one owner - until recently it was the automotive plant – hasn’t improved the network of streets and passages, as noted by Andrey Gnezdilov. That is why, according to experts, the project in its current form as an impenetrable mega-volume will further aggravate the difficult situation in urban development and transportation of the area. In fact, it is located right on the passage space between the houses neglecting the main areas that attract people – the European Shopping Center, station square and Dorogomilovsky market.
Sergey Tchoban said that the best solution for the structure of the whole quarter is to divide the megastructure into two or three blocks having different addresses and performing different functions. This would be justified given the advantages for management of the complex, such as a large corporation or hotel operator; though a key user of the whole building volume can hardly be found. According to Mr. Tchoban, in the initial stage, the scale around the site was three times less than that form which was taken out of the context, and all the problems are caused by “centrifugal force” of this enormous structure. “Therefore, it would be more logical to design a complex and multidimensional composition consisting of several volumes with many entrances", concluded the architect.
"The project was performed masterfully, and the authors have good stylistic skills; but speaking about the functional use and division of the object, at the moment we have a centripetal composition. Moreover, if we compare it, for example, with White Square Office Center located next to Belarusskaya Station, which is focused on the church and architectural accent was created artificially in the form of a round square. It is not clear where these rays are directed - towards the hotel backyards or the platform of Kievskiy Station”, said Vladimir Plotkin.
“The authors have designed beautiful passages in the territory belonging to others, and occupied the whole site space with a huge stylobate", added Yuri Grigoryan. The easiest way, according to him, is to get rid of the stylobate and locate retail facilities in relief elevations. “The first task is to make a simple sculptural building composition and start to develop it piece by piece. It’s necessary to achieve the highest passing permeability of the area, focus on the traffic along Kievskaya Street and try to accomplish this quarter; it should acquire a new quality ", said Mr. Grigoryan.
Summarizing the Council’s opinion, Sergey Kuznetsov noted that the project in its current form shall be rejected: "We doubted the suggested transport scheme, social and cultural facilities of the area, as there is an application for a residential function, and architectural composition has many drawbacks. That’s why, I think, we will ask our colleagues to offer an alternative."